Employers and self-employed people must carry out, or appoint a competent person to carry out a suitable and sufficient fire risk assessment of the risks of fire to their employees and others who may be affected by their work or business. Those who employ five or more employees should keep a formal record of any significant findings and remedial measures which have, or may need to be, taken.
Who is a ‘responsible person’?
Responsibility for complying with the Fire Safety Order will rest with the 'responsible person'. In a workplace, this is the employer and any other person who may have control of any part of the premises, eg the occupier or owner. In all other premises the person or people in control of the premises will be responsible. If there is more than one responsible person in any type of premises, all must take all reasonable steps to work with each other.
If you are the responsible person you will have to carry out a fire risk assessment which must focus on the safety in case of fire of all 'relevant persons'. It should pay particular attention to those at special risk, such as the disabled and those with special needs, and must include consideration of any dangerous substance likely to be on the premises. Your fire risk assessment will help you identify risks that can be removed or reduced and to decide the nature and extent of the general fire precautions you need to take to protect people against the fire risks that remain.
The competent person or fire risk assessor need not possess any specific academic qualifications but should:
Whilst the legislation does not define suitable and sufficient it is generally considered that a risk assessment should do the following:
1. Identify the fire risks arising from or in connection with work:
Attention should be paid to sources of ignition, sources of fuel and work processes.
2. Identify the location of people at significant risk in case of fire:
It will be necessary to identify the areas that persons will frequent, whether they be employees, customers, visiting contractors etc.
3. Evaluate the risks:
4. Record findings and action taken:
Prepare an emergency plan, inform, instruct and give training to employees in fire precautions.
5. Keep the assessment under review:
Generally the review date should be one year from the date of completion of the risk assessment, however it may be necessary to set an earlier date depending on the type of premises, processes carried out, etc.
Employers and the self employed are expected to take reasonable steps to help themselves identify fire risks, e.g. by looking at appropriate sources of information such as legislation, and codes of practice or by reference to a competent individual.
Significant findings should include:
South Wales Fire & Rescue ServiceForest View Business ParkLLANTRISANTCF72 8LX
Tel: 01443 232000email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Report a Fire Safety Concern
Have you recently visited a building where you were concerned about the Fire Safety Precautions or management - if so complete the online form to report your concern or contact us:
Phone on 01443 232716 (Normal Working Hours) or 01443 232000 (24 hour number).